In most cases you’ll have the following filters inside.
Filter 1: Sediment filter, which reduces sand, rust and silt that are present in most municipal water sources.
Filter 2: Pre-Carbon Filter, has a high surface area and removes contaminants through absorption, in which dissolved contaminants adhere to the surface of the carbon particles. Activated carbon removes organic impurities and chlorine.
Filter 3: Depending on your current TDS reading this will be a UF or RO filter. An ultra filtration membrane will remove most harmful substances larger then .01 of a micron. It retains beneficial minerals that an RO system removes. However, this means that an ultra filtration system does not remove salts, fluoride, or all TDS dissolved in water.
A Reverse Osmosis Filter, reduces any molecular compounds smaller in size than water molecules (.001 microns). Such compounds include salt, magnesium, iron, fluoride, lead, and calcium. The RO filter will essentially create distilled water, but appropriate minerals will be re-added in the next filter. (Note an RO filter will have an added drain line running along your supply line.) Both lines would only be 1/4″ thick and secured with clips in line with each other.
Filter 4: pH Post Carbon Filter. This filter increases pH levels to balanced state, and sanitizes with a bacteriostatic filter which inhibits bacteria growth, lastly there is an energy and remineralization filter which adds calcium, sodium and potassium needed to give a great taste and a healthy pH (7.5+). An Alkaline filter can also be used here to increase pH up to 9.5+ if desired.
Filter 5: TCR (Total Contaminant Removal) to ensure absorption of any organic contaminates that might have escaped the reverse osmosis process.
We will always ensure you enjoy the taste of our water when setting up your system.
TDS Chart (Total Dissolved Solids)
0 isn’t really the number to aim for here for drinking water, because that would be distilled water which would not have any minerals for hydration, taste or improved health. In most situations we will use reverse osmosis, to clean up your hard water (200+ TDS), and bring TDS below 10. Then another filter will re-add minerals and electrolytes for great taste and hydration around 30 TDS.
pH level Chart
We are generally in the 8 – 9 pH range. Value brand bottled water is usually 6 pH.